Historical Figures in Hogwarts Houses

Historical Figures in Hogwarts Houses

Guess who’s not dead?

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Something Different

I have now reached 100 Historical Figures. I am about to put together the Prefect/Head Students list of the first 50 so you can all see the most popular historical figures. Think a fave political figure of yours deserves to be on the Prefects list next time? Advertise! All figures from J. D. Salinger through Juan Peron will be next up once I get another 50 done.

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Juan Perón - Slytherin
Juan Perón was an army colonel who became president of Argentina (1946-52, 1952-55, 1973-74) and was the founder and leader of the Peronist movement. Perón in his career was in many ways typical of the upwardly mobile, lower-middle-class youth of Argentina. He entered military school at 16 and made somewhat better than average progress through the officer ranks. A strongly built six-foot-tall youth, Perón became the champion fencer of the army and a fine skier and boxer. He served in Chile as a military attaché and travelled to Italy to observe the rise of the Fascists and Nazis during 1938–40. He had a bent for history and political philosophy and published in those fields. Perón returned to Argentina in 1941, used his acquired knowledge to achieve the rank of colonel, and joined the United Officers Group (Grupo de Oficiales Unidos; GOU), a secret military lodge that engineered the 1943 coup that overthrew the ineffective civilian government of Argentina. The military regimes of the following three years came increasingly under the influence of Perón, who had shrewdly requested for himself only the minor post of secretary of labour and social welfare. In 1944, however, as a protégé of Pres. Gen. Edelmiro J. Farrell (1944–46), Perón became minister of war and then vice president. Clearly he was bidding for undisputed power, based on the support of the underprivileged labourers (thedescamisados, or “shirtless ones”) and on his popularity and authority in the army. While in exile Perón had wooed the left-wing Peronists and had supported the most belligerent labour unions. Once returned to power, however, he formed close links with the armed forces and other previously opposition right-wing groups. When he died in 1974, he left to his widow and successor as president an untenable situation. Isabel Perón failed to obtain the firm support of any power group, not even the labour unions. Terrorist activity and political violence increased. On March 24, 1976, the armed forces took power, removed Isabel Perón from office, and set up a military junta. His marriage to Eva Duarte Perón, who was very much in love with him and whom he used in many ways as the charismatic face of his regime to convert the descamisidos to his side. For this manipulation and his search for power, Juan Domingo Perón is sorted into Slytherin House.
Etta James - Gryffindor
Grammy-award winner Etta James is a Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee and was one of the most dynamic jazz, gospel, r&b, rock, and soul singers in music. Born Jamesetta Hawkins on January 25, 1938, in Los Angeles. As a child, Etta was a gospel prodigy, singing in her church choir and on the radio at the age of 5. When she turned 12, she moved north to San Francisco where she formed a trio and was soon working for bandleader Johnny Otis. In 1954, she moved to Los Angeles to record “The Wallflower” (a tamer title for the then-risqué “Roll with Me Henry”) with the Otis band. It was that year that the young singer became Etta James (an shortened version of her first name) and her vocal group was dubbed The Peaches (also Etta’s nickname). Soon after, James launched her solo career with such hits as “Good Rockin’ Daddy” in 1955. After signing with Chicago’s Chess Records in 1960, James’ career began to soar. Chart toppers included duets with then-boyfriend Harvey Fuqua, the heart-breaking ballad “All I Could Do Was Cry,” “At Last” and “Trust in Me.” But James’ talents weren’t reserved for powerful ballads. She knew how to rock a house, and did so with such gospel-charged tunes as “Something’s Got a Hold On Me” in 1962 and “In The Basement” in 1966. James continued to work with Chess throughout the 1960s and early 1970s. Sadly, heroin addiction affected both her personal and professional life, but despite her continued drug problems she persisted in making new albums. In 1967, James recorded with the Muscle Shoals house band in the Fame studios, and the collaboration resulted in the triumphant Tell Mama album.
James’ work gained positive attention from critics as well as fans, and her 1973 album Etta James earned a Grammy nomination, in part for its creative combination of rock and funk sounds. After completing her contract with Chess in 1977, James signed on with Warner Brothers Records. A renewed public profile followed her appearance at the opening ceremony of the Los Angeles Olympics in 1984. Subsequent albums, including Deep In The Night and Seven Year Itch, received high critical acclaim. She was inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame in 1993, prior to her signing a new recording contract with Private Records. With suggestive stage antics and a sassy attitude, James continued to perform and record well into the 1990s. Always soulful, her extraordinary voice was showcased to great effect on her recent private releases, including Blue Gardenia, which rose to the top of the Billboard jazz chart. She took great pride in her work, becoming reportedly miffed when Beyonce sang her song, “At Last” at Barack Obama’s inaugural ball in 2009. She passed away January 20, 2012. Etta James was known for her big brassy voice and the personality to match. Because of this, she is placed in Gryffindor House.
George Washington - Gryffindor
George Washington was a leader of the Continental Army in the American Revolution and was the first to become U.S. president. In June 1775, George Washington represented the Virginia in the Second Continental Congress where he was elected Commander in Chief of the Continental Army. He took command of fourteen thousand men on July 3, 1775 in Boston. By March 17, 1776, Washington forced the British out of Dorchester Heights. From there he moved his army to New York City, but his supplies were running short. Washington eventually lost the battle in New York and the city fell into the hands of the British. Washington’s reputation suffered only a little due to the loss of the city of New York while Benedict Arnold and Horatio Gates had secured wins in the Revolutionary battle. Washington’s reputation soared again after leading his men through a bitter Valley Forge winter. By then, Washington had learned of that the French supported the American cause for freedom and Washington was able to secure aid from the French. During the war, Washington developed a strategy for which he became known to slowly pull back and then surprise his enemy with an attack. The final major battle of the Revolutionary War involved Washington’s defeat, with help from French forces, of Cornwallis at the Battle of Yorktown. When the new Constitution was ratified at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787, George Washington was unanimously elected as the first President of the United States. One of President Washington’s primary concerns was foreign policy. He desired to keep a neutral position during the French Revolution which sparked a war between England and France. His neutral position was made difficult because two of his cabinet members were split on the issue. Washington’s Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson, supported the French while his Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, supported England.  Due largely in part to the disagreements between Jefferson and Hamilton, two parties began to develop in the new country which disappointed Washington. It is said that George Washington grew weary of politics by the end of his second term of office. During his farewell address, he warned against excessive political party politics. Three years after Washington’s retirement and return to his Mount Vernon home, George Washington died of an infection of the throat which is thought to have been acute laryngitis. He died on December 14, 1799. George Washington was an excellent leader, who was brave in battle and sacrificed much in the name of the Revolution, but overall he was not the best of generals. Gryffindors are known for their bravery and at times rash decision makings, and Washington fits these criteria quite well. 
Henry VIII - Slytherin
As king of England (1509-47), Henry VIII presided over the beginnings of the English Renaissance and the English Reformation. When his elder brother, Arthur, died in 1502, Henry became the heir to the throne; of all the Tudor monarchs, he alone spent his childhood in calm expectation of the crown, which helped give an assurance of majesty and righteousness to his willful, ebullient character. He excelled in book learning as well as in the physical exercises of an aristocratic society, and, when in 1509 he ascended the throne, great things were expected of him. Six feet tall, powerfully built, and a tireless athlete, huntsman, and dancer, he promised England the joys of spring after the long winter of Henry VII’s reign. Henry and his ministers exploited the dislike inspired by his father’s energetic pursuit of royal rights by sacrificing, without a thought, some of the unpopular institutions and some of the men that had served his predecessor. As king of England from 1509 to 1547, Henry VIII presided over the beginnings of the English Reformation, which was unleashed by his own matrimonial involvements, even though he never abandoned the fundamentals of the Roman Catholic faith. Though exceptionally well served by a succession of brilliant ministers, Henry turned upon them all; those he elevated, he invariably cast down again. He was attracted to humanist learning and was something of an intellectual himself, but he was responsible for the deaths of the outstanding English humanists of the day. Though six times married, he left a minor heir and a dangerously complicated succession problem. Of his six wives, two joined a large tally of eminent persons executed for alleged treason; yet otherwise his regime observed the law of the land with painful particularity. Formidable in appearance, in memory, and in mind, and fearsome of temper, he yet attracted genuine devotion and knew how to charm people. Monstrously egotistical and surrounded by adulation, he nevertheless kept a reasonable grasp on the possible; forever taking false steps in politics, he emerged essentially unbeaten and superficially successful in nearly everything he attempted to do. Henry VIII has always seemed the very embodiment of true monarchy. Even his evil deeds, never forgotten, have been somehow amalgamated into a memory of greatness. He gave his nation what it wanted: a visible symbol of its nationhood. He also had done something toward giving it a better government, a useful navy, a start on religious reform and social improvement. But he was not a great man in any sense. Although a leader in every fibre of his being, he little understood where he was leading his nation. But, if he was neither statesman nor prophet, he also was neither the blood-stained monster of one tradition nor the rowdy bon vivant of another. Though cold, self-centred, ungiving, forever suspicious of the ways of the world, he could not descend to the second stereotype; despite a ruthlessness fed by self-righteousness, he never took the pleasure in killing required of the first. Simply, he never understood why the life of so well-meaning a man should have been beset by so many unmerited troubles. He knew what he was doing, he was ruthless when it came to getting what he wanted, and for this he is sorted into Slytherin. 
Audrey Hepburn - Hufflepuff
Actress Audrey Hepburn, star of Breakfast at Tiffany’s, remains one of Hollywood’s greatest style icons and one of the world’s most successful actresses. A talented performer, Audrey Hepburn was known for her beauty, elegance, and grace. Often imitated, she remains one of Hollywood’s greatest style icons. A native of Brussels, Hepburn spent part of her youth in England at a boarding school there. During much of World War II, she studied at the Arnhem Conservatory in The Netherlands. After the Nazis invaded the country, Hepburn and her mother struggled to survive. She reportedly helped the resistance movement by delivering messages, according to an article in The New York Times. After the war, Hepburn continued to pursue an interest in dance. She studied ballet in Amsterdam and later in London. She could not go on to be a professional ballerina as she dreamed her bones were weak from malnutrition during the war. Hepburn set new fashion standards as Holly Golightly in Breakfast at Tiffany’s, for which she won her fourth academy award.In her later years, acting took a back seat to her work on behalf of children. She became a goodwill ambassador for UNICEF in the late 1980s. Traveling the world, Hepburn tried to raise awareness about children in need. She understood too well what it was like to go hungry from her days in The Netherlands during the German Occupation. Making more than 50 trips, Hepburn visited UNICEF projects in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America. She won a special Academy Award for her humanitarian work in 1993, but she did not live long enough to receive it. Hepburn died on January 20, 1993, at her home in Tolochenaz, Switzerland after a battle with colon cancer. Her work to help children around the world continues. Her sons, Sean Ferrer and Luca Dotti, along with her companion Robert Wolders, established the Audrey Hepburn Memorial Fund to continue Hepburn’s humanitarian work in 1994. It is now known as the Audrey Hepburn Children’s Fund. Beyond her image as a style icon, humanitarian, and actress, she was largely viewed as a kind, compassionate, soft-spoken but self-assured, and graceful from her years of studying dance. For these traits combined, she is sorted into Hufflepuff.
Katharine Hepburn - Gryffindor
Katharine Hepburn was an actress known as a spirited performer with a touch of eccentricity in films such as The African Queen and On Golden Pond. She introduced into her roles a strength of character previously considered to be undesirable in Hollywood leading ladies. As an actress she was noted for her brisk upper-class New England accent and tomboyish beauty. From early childhood, Hepburn was continually encouraged to expand her intellectual horizons, speak nothing but the truth, and keep herself in top physical condition at all times. Possessing a distinctive speech pattern and an abundance of quirky mannerisms, she earned unqualified praise from her admirers and unmerciful criticism from her detractors. Unabashedly outspoken and iconoclastic, she did as she pleased, refusing to grant interviews, wearing casual clothes at a time when actresses were expected to exude glamour 24 hours a day, and openly clashing with her more experienced coworkers whenever they failed to meet her standards. She nonetheless made an impressive movie debut in A Bill of Divorcement (1932) and went on to win an Academy Award for her third film, Morning Glory (1933). Her much-publicized return to Broadway, in The Lake(1933), proved to be a flop. And while moviegoers enjoyed Hepburn’s performances in homespun entertainments such as Little Women (1933) and Alice Adams (1935), they were largely resistant to historical vehicles such as Mary of Scotland (1936), A Woman Rebels (1936), and Quality Street (1937). Hepburn recovered some lost ground with her sparkling performances in the comediesBringing Up Baby (1938) and Holiday (1938), but it was too late: a group of leading film exhibitors had already written off Hepburn as “box office poison.” Undaunted, Hepburn accepted a role written specifically for her in Philip Barry's 1938 Broadway comedy The Philadelphia Story, which proved to be a hit. She purchased the motion picture rights to the play and was able to jump-start her Hollywood career by starring in the 1940 film version. She continued to make periodic returns to the stage (notably as the title character in the 1969 Broadway musical Coco), but Hepburn remained essentially a film actor for the remainder of her career. In 1999 the American Film Institute named Hepburn the top female American screen legend of all time. Hepburn was unique, which may at first indicate a Ravenclaw sorting—but she was dominated by her intellectual expansion. Her personality was dominated moreso by fire, forthrightness, and occasionally perceived arrogant for refusing to conform to Hollywood norms despite all societal pressures. For this, she is sorted into Gryffindor.
Vivien Leigh - Slytherin
This British actress achieved film immortality by playing two of American literature’s most celebrated Southern belles, Scarlett O’Hara and Blanche DuBois.  She was convent-educated in England and throughout Europe, and inspired by her schoolmate Maureen O’Sullivan to embark on an acting career. After her film debut in Things Are Looking Up(1934), she appeared in several more British “quota quickies” before making her first stage appearance in The Green Sash (1935). Although she possessed a weak stage voice at this point in her career, her stunning stage presence and beauty were impossible to ignore, and in 1935 she was signed to a contract by movie mogul Alexander Korda. Vivien Leigh went on to be in a number of popular British films, including The Mask of Virtue in 1935, which turned her into an overnight star. Leigh Holman began to suspect that Vivien Leigh had more than a passing interest in acting and realized that she was unlikely to be happy as a wife and mother alone. In 1937, Vivien Leigh left Holman for Lawrence Olivier, whom she followed to America in 1938. It was this trip to America that ended in Leigh's most famous role, that of Scarlett O’Hara in Gone with the Wind, playing opposite Clark Gable. She captured the love of cinema goers on both sides of the Atlantic with the role, and it is still considered one of the best roles of all time, in one of the best films of all time. Encouraged by her success in the film, Vivien Leightested for numerous other Hollywood films, eventually appearing in Waterloo Bridge in 1940. Vivien Leigh appeared in a number of films during the war years, but her life took several bad turns during this period. She had health problems compounded by an infection with tuberculosis, and she struggled with her personal life and screen roles. Unlike many actresses who suffer personal difficulties, however, Vivien Leigh remained very popular at the box office, making several high grossing films during the 1940s and 1950s. She succumbed to tuberculosis in 1965. She was thought of as fiery and determined (possibly from bipolar disorder). Her ambition and dedication and unwillingness to settle for anything less places her in Slytherin House.
Arthur Conan Doyle - Hufflepuff
Scottish writer and spiritualist Sir Arthur Conan Doyle created the detective Sherlock Holmes—one of the most vivid and enduring characters in English fiction. Conan Doyle himself, however, viewed his most important efforts to be his campaign in support of spiritualism, and wrote many books and essays on the subject in addition to his other works. While a medical student, Conan Doyle was deeply impressed by the skill of his professor, Dr. Joseph Bell, in observing the most minute detail regarding a patient’s condition. This master of diagnostic deduction became the model for Conan Doyle’s literary creation, Sherlock Holmes, who first appeared in “A Study in Scarlet” inBeeton’s Christmas Annual of 1887. Other aspects of Conan Doyle’s medical education and experiences appear in his semiautobiographical novels, The Firm of Girdlestone (1890) andThe Stark Munro Letters (1895), and in the collection of medical short stories Round the Red Lamp (1894). His creation of the logical, cold, calculating Holmes, the “world’s first and only consulting detective,” sharply contrasted with the paranormal beliefs Conan Doyle addressed in a short novel of this period, The Mystery of Cloomber (1889). Conan Doyle’s early interest in both scientifically supportable evidence and certain paranormal phenomena exemplified the complex diametrically opposing beliefs he struggled with throughout his life. Conan Doyle was knighted in 1902 for his work with a field hospital in Bloemfontein, South Africa, and other services during the South African (Boer) War. He wrote compelling stories and essays, but because he focused on helping others and spirituality, he is placed in Hufflepuff House.
Carl Jung - Ravenclaw
Carl Jung established the idea of analytic psychology. He advanced the idea of introvert and extrovert personalities and the power of the unconscious. Jung believed in the “complex” or emotionally charged associations. He collaborated with Sigmund Freud, but disagreed with him about the sexual basis of neuroses.  As a youth he read widely in philosophy and theology. After taking his medical degree (1902), he worked in Zrich with Eugen Bleuler on studies of mental illness. From this research emerged Jung’s notion of the complex, or cluster of emotionally charged (and largely unconscious) associations. He went on to formulate new psychotherapeutic techniques designed to reacquaint the person with his unique “myth” or place in the collective unconscious, as expressed in dream and imagination. Sometimes dismissed as disguised religion and criticized for its lack of verifiability, Jung’s perspective nonetheless remains influential in religion and literature as well as psychiatry. His important works include The Psychology of the Unconscious (1912; revised as Symbols of Transformation), Psychological Types (1921),Psychology and Religion (1938), and Memories, Dreams, Reflections (1962). His relationship with the Ravenclaw Freud was intellectual, a clash of ideas and the harmony of others. This is to be expected because Jung too was intelligent, philosophical, and also a Ravenclaw.